Welcome to Photographer Know-how, a new series focusing on everything you need to know to become a highly capable photographer. In this first entry, we’re taking a look at three of the most popular types of camera available today, DSLR’s, point and shoot digital cameras and action cameras.
Digital single-lens reflex cameras (DSLR) are digital cameras that utilise the same optics and mechanisms of traditional single-lens reflex cameras, but as the name suggests use a digital imaging sensor instead of photographic film to capture images. DSLR’s offer a higher quality of picture than point and shoot digital cameras at the expense of convenience. DSLR’s feature a removable lens, which greatly increases the diversity of what the camera can be used to photograph.
In addition, such cameras feature high ISO settings which enable faster shutter speeds and a higher sensitivity to light. As a result, DSLR’s are ideal cameras to use in low light settings. The Canon ESO 100D is a good example of a powerful DSLR, and features an 18-megapixel APS-C sensor for true-to-life quality images. DSLR’s are suitable for people who want to take the best shot possible.
Point and Shoot Digital Cameras
Point and shoot digital cameras are more suited to people who enjoy taking pictures but aren’t too concerned with taking professional looking photographs. These cameras are easier to use than DSLR’s, but do not offer as much control over how the final image looks. However, point and shoot technology is constantly being improved, and the lines between DSLR’s and point and shoots are blurring.
Point and shoot digital cameras like the Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ100EBS are capable of capturing high-quality shots in an instant, making them ideal for use when travelling. The DMC-TZ100EBS also features 4K video recording capabilities, making it well suited for use at events.
Action cameras are a special type of digital camera designed to capture action as it happens. People who use action cameras tend to prioritise video over still images as such cameras can record continuously without needing interaction from the cameraman. Action cameras usually feature a durable and waterproof housing, and can be attached to a wide variety of sports equipment including helmets, bicycle handlebars and surfboards.
The GoPro HERO5 is a popular type of action camera and offers 4K video recording, voice control functionality and is waterproof to 33ft. Action cameras are the perfect camera for adventurous people who want to capture footage of their daring exploits.
Check back with us next week for the second entry of Photographer Knowhow, when we’ll be discussing pixels, shutter speeds and how these features determine image quality.